Zone Fitness Type 2 diabetes and exercise

In this article we’ll discussing the differences between type 1 and type 2 Diabetes, as well how exercise can ease type 2 diabetes.

Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes:

Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a chronic condition that hampers your body’s ability to convert the carbohydrates in your diet to use as energy.

Here we’ll outline the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 1:

Usually referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks its own organs. In this case, the organ that is affected, among others, is the pancreas, and it can no longer produce any insulin. It is thought that type 1 diabetes occurs due to genetic predisposition, and a number of medical conditions are associated with it.

Treatment for type 1 diabetes is injecting insulin subcutaneously.

Type 2:

This type of diabetes is by far the most widespread diabetes, and about 95% of adult diabetics are type 2. Referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes is not as severe as type 1, since the pancreas still produces some insulin. The amount of insulin that is produced, however, is not enough to sustain the needs of the individual or the body is resistant to it. Type 2 diabetes is also referred to as a “lifestyle” condition, due to the fact that obesity is highly linked to developing type 2 diabetes.

The effect of exercise on Type 2 diabetes:

There is no cure for diabetes, but a healthy and active lifestyle has an enormous impact in controlling the condition. Exercise has a number of advantages, but in terms of type 2 diabetes, it is specifically advantageous as it controls the blood glucose level. As discussed above, people with type 2 diabetes have glucose blood levels that are too high due to their body not producing enough insulin, or being insulin resistant.

What exercise does is help your muscles use the glucose in your blood without needing the effect of insulin, which lowers the level of glucose. In terms of insulin resistance, your body responds better to insulin and the resistance is lessened, making it easier for your body’s cells to utilise the glucose.

As we are all aware, exercise also helps with weight loss, which reduces the risk of obesity and reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

There are a number of medical complications associated with type 2 diabetes, like arteriosclerosis and increased cardiovascular diseases. Arteriosclerosis is the thickening and hardening of the artery walls, which may lead to blockages.

Regular exercising not only helps to strengthen your heart muscles, but also helps to maintain good cholesterol and reduces the chance of developing arteriosclerosis.

It is a necessity for people with diabetes to develop an effective and sustainable exercise programme, to ensure that their health is properly managed and improved.